Tuesday, August 25, 2020

Business plan for mobile tea sexy dolly trolley Thesis

Strategy for versatile tea hot cart streetcar - Thesis Example Notwithstanding, it is expected that any additional hazard related will be considered heretofore and the statistical surveying, legitimate and common necessities; money related arranging will be balanced as needs be to suit the hazard. The providing food business is now a well known choice for business people with proprietors moving from normalized charges and subjects to increasingly novel ones to increase upper hand (Pace, 2011). For Mobile Tea Sexy Dolly Trolley the suggestive picture will assist them with standing separated from different contenders. The business will be set up as an organization with all administration exercises completed by the accomplices, while the staff will be there to offer the real types of assistance. The accomplices have both have had past involvement with the administration and food industry yet this will be there first endeavor as business visionaries. 2.0 Business Description The principal thing which will get the purchasers and the stake holder†™s eye is simply the name of the business; the name Mobile Tea Sexy Dolly Trolley has been chosen as it quickly educates that the business is in reality a themed providing food administration with some bizarre parts. It is the cooking administration with will make heads turn and drum up some excitement any place it visits. As the name recommends the ‘Mobile Tea Sexy Dolly Trolley’ providing food will be restricted solely to arrangement of Tea and tea variations, served from old-style Dolly Trolleys by alluring and appealing staff. Alongside the tea will be appropriate snacks, for example, humble sandwiches and curious rolls yet no different sorts of food will be incorporated. The emphasis will be on the experience that clients will get, getting a charge out of the spoiling considerations of our staff as the tea and tidbits are arranged or set before them. The business will be shameless and direct in revelation of its primary fascination: the staff. The business expect s to take into account basically a grown-up and develop crowd who can value the experience and not excuse it as something ill-advised or an expendable prevailing fashion. Premium charges will be taken for the administrations of our staff and the stylish quality they will bring to any occasion. It will be a novel encounter for anybody to watch and appreciate the sauces served by the exceptionally productive, amiable and enchanting people working for us and despite the fact that it may not be considered as an ordinary support of recruit, they will need to enjoy the experience a couple of more occasions. The center objective gatherings for our administrations will be grown-up parties, meals, corporate group building exercises, and office providing food. We comprehend the need of the organizations and organizations these days to keep their representatives intrigued and persuaded in the work environment. The lunch break is an essential ideal for the specialist; it gives an opportunity to unwind, take sustenance, mingle or even work to clear that overabundance (Tahmincioglu, 2012). For the board who need to give some reviving diversion to their workers alongside the additional food decisions, Mobile Tea Sexy Dolly Trolley can be the business to employ. Our staff will make a buzz in the workplace, give everybody bounty to discuss in the coming days and give supporting and ameliorating tea directly at the work areas of the laborers. The portability is probably the greatest quality, as the items can be conveyed wherever without any problem

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Flute Acoustics Essay -- acoustic sound

A woodwind blows a quick fly of air over the embouchure gap. The weight inside the players mouth is above barometrical (typically 1kpa: sufficiently only to help a 10cm stature contrast in a water manometer). (http://newt.phys.unsw.edu.au/music/) The work done to quicken the air in this fly is the wellspring of intensity contribution to instrument. Sound requires a swaying movement or wind current. In the flute, the air stream, and the reverberation noticeable all around in instrument creates a wavering segment of the stream. As the air begins to vibrate a portion of the vitality (sound ) is transmitted out the finishes and through any open openings. The vast majority of the vitality is lost as a kind of contact (thick misfortune) with the dividers. The pitch or note can be modified marginally by breath and lip modification, however whenever changed totally the length of the air must change. This is the reason the gaps in the flute are utilized to evacuate the tightening of the air at that specific point. The reverberation of the air segment in the flute for the most part decides the playing recurrence which is the pitch. (http://newt.phys.unsw.edu.au/music/) Since the...

Tuesday, August 11, 2020

Parliamo Italiano!

Parliamo Italiano! This IAP I took Italian I, and it was basically awesome. You might be wondering about MITs language department, considering that.its MIT, and languages dont involve math and all. First of all, I can reassure you that MIT does have humanities classes, and a lot of them are pretty awesome. In fact, MIT has one of the best political science programs around. For example. But this entry is about languages. Unfortunately, MITs selection is pretty limited, but the classes are still great. (We only offer Chinese, ESL, French, German, Japanese, Spanish, and only one level of Italian is offered, and only over IAP.) The very first humanities course I took here my first semester was 21F.716, Introduction to Contemporary Hispanic Literature. We read a different book each week (Bodas de Sangre, La Nada Cotidiana, La Plaza del Diamante, El Beso de la Mujer Arana, and a few others) and discussed them. As you might have figured out, the class was held entirely in Spanish, so it was pretty advanced, but I enjoyed it a lot. Knowing Spanish has made learning Italian both easier and more difficult at the same time. Its easier because Romance languages have a lot of similarities, so Im already used to conjugating verbs and making nouns and adjectives agree in number and gender. Plus, Italian and Spanish are even more similar than almost any other pair of Romance languages. There are words which are identical except for the spelling, conjugations which differ only slightly, and very similar idiomatic expressions. At the same time, this makes it difficult: because a lot of things are so close to each other that I often forget which is which. A perfect example: the word and in Spanish is y (pronounced like a long E), while the word and in Italian is e (pronounced like a long A). You can imagine that I mix these two up quite a lot. Throw in de/di, se/si, and so on, and you can see how this might get annoying. But, the class was still awesome, and I will hopefully be using my knowledge when I visit Rome for 2 days this spring. Or, maybe I should say, hopefully I learned enough to get around Rome for 2 days this spring. Anyway, like all good language courses, there is a listening component. And like all introductory language courses, theres that awful video series of 2 people (one male, one female) traveling around the country where the language originated making overly dramatic but grammatically simple statements. But we didnt use these materials in class- they were part of our homework assignments. So how did we access them? The LLARC- the Language Learning and Resource Center is a familiar place to all who study language at MIT. Right outside the LLARC theres a lounge, which is obviously cool because it has laser discs on the walls. I mean, come on. Thats awesome. Also, theres a television which is always set to some foreign language channel or another. The LLARC has audio tapes for all of the various language textbooks used at MIT: And individual tape recorders you can use to listen to them. Heres what it looked like when I was doing Italian listening assignments: There are also video monitors and computer stations for watching videos and doing computer based learning activities, and the walls are decorated with foreign film posters. There are also a couple of conference rooms which you can use to watch a foreign language film with some friends, or your whole class. The textbook videos, along with a whole selection of other materials in each of the languages offerred, can be checked out from the front desk: Plus, French comics! Learning language through media is pretty awesome. Every day in Italian class, our professor would show us another Italian music video, and we would challenge ourselves to see how many words we recognized in each one. Then shed hand out the lyrics and wed go over them together, learning to translate the whole thing. Once we even watched a commercial for coca cola (which was hilarious), and a scene from 90210 which had been dubbed into Italian. But by far the most awesome and class favorite video was Lunapops 50 Special. Its about a guy who wants a Vespa. Its amazing. Watch it once, and youll be hooked. Promise. I mean, its Italian pop music! Whats not to love? Who ever knew YouTube would be such a great learning tool? (Dont tell Snively. Hed never see the sun again.) Plus, completely not related: This is totally going to start up a huge gender/affirmative action war, but dude. Hilarious.

Saturday, May 23, 2020

Government, Economics, and Fiscal Policy Essay - 1271 Words

The statement â€Å"I want my job back!† has become a war cry for the masses. Great amounts of money are being dumped into the economy, but with little to no return. The system is failing and people are becoming restless. In light of the recent â€Å"Occupy Wall Street† protests the question begs to be answered, â€Å"Are we going to get our jobs back?† With so many politicians declaring they have the answers, how can we find the correct path to follow? Something is missing from both plans, but first the plans should be discussed before criticism can begin. It is time for the government to return to a Laissez-faire â€Å"Hands Off!† economy. On one side you have President Obama who declares that higher taxes on the wealthy and large corporations will solve†¦show more content†¦This bill seems to do a lot of good, it creates jobs. But it does so much more. The American Jobs Act of 2011will decrease the national deficit by $6 billion dollars over the next ten years. â€Å"That estimated deficit reduction of $6 billion over the coming decade is the net effect of $447 billion in additional spending and tax cuts† (Congressional Budget Office). Why so little return for the amount of money being spent? Almost a half trillion dollars are being spent and only 6 billion dollars are being reduced from the deficit. This bill is leaving something out. Americans know the value of a balanced budget. If no more money is spent than brought in the creditors do not bother to call. But for those who spend more than they make it is not such an easy process. First many phone calls begin as creditors begin to look for their money. If no money can be paid back the family must declare bankruptcy. If a family cannot live outside its means than why should the government? If a corporation cannot operate within its means it soon folds. So why should the government try? It is for our protection and betterment that we find a way to lower the deficit and still allow jobs to be created. In the current economic storm businesses are weary of hiring because they have been required to follow unnecessary regulations. The cost of hiring a new $60,000/yr IT employee is estimated to be approximately $150,000 (Monte). TheShow MoreRelatedTwo Of The Most Implemented Policies Government Use To Achieve Economic Growth Are Monetary Policy And Fiscal Policy1667 Words   |  7 Pagesthe Kauffman Foundation, explain in a interview with the author: â€Å"The single most important contributor to a nation’s economic growth is the number of startups that grow to a billion dollars in revenue within 20 years.† The statement made by Carl Schramm suggested that the increase of start ups, is the most important contributor to a nation economic growth. (Karlgraard,2010) Economic growth is an increase in of the Real Gross Domestic Product (Real GDP). And it is mainly cause by two factors, anRead MoreEssay on Fiscal Policy718 Words   |  3 Pages Fiscal Policy can be explained in many ways, for example. Fiscal policy is the use of the government budget to affect an economy. When the government decides on the taxes that it collects, the transfer payments it gives out, or the goods and services that it purchases, it is engaging in fiscal policy. The primary economic impact of any change in the government budget is felt by particular groups—a tax cut for families with children, for example, raises the disposable income of such families. DiscussionsRead MoreFiscal Policy And Fiscal Policies1560 Words   |  7 PagesFiscal Policy Brooks (2012) defines that fiscal policy is adjusting government revenue and spending in order to influence the direction of the economy and meet the economic goals of the country. The two main tools in fiscal policy are taxes and expenditure. Fiscal policy is set by the government and parliament and often used a combination with monetary policy, which set by Reserve Bank of Australia as an example. Furthermore, this essay discusses the Australian government fiscal policies during theRead MoreEconomic Development Of A Country1027 Words   |  5 Pagesinvolved. We cannot get rid of economic if we want to talk about development. The term economics can be defined as the science of how people and societies deal with their limited resources to satisfy their unlimited wants (Miller, 2012). The development of a country is based on many characteristics, such as the average income per capita, level of education, the death rate every year, the population health, and many more, but the most im portant characteristic is the economic activity of a country, thereforeRead MoreDo Fiscal and Monetary Policy Stimulate the Economy? Essays1467 Words   |  6 Pages Constant changes in market economies make it nearly impossible to maintain a constant level of economic activity. Fluctuations are the heart of market economies; market economies cannot exist without them. These fluctuations can be described as the business cycle, and like every cycle there are a series of events that construct these phases. The business cycle consists of three phases, expansion (until peak point is reached), a decreasing point into recession, and a rebound from recession to recoveryRead MoreFiscal Policy And Fiscal Policies1193 Words   |  5 Pagesto increasing economic output. Fiscal policy is one of the tools often used to realise these goals and create financial stability. There are two ways in which fiscal policy can be implemented, either a contractionary fiscal policy, or an expansionary fiscal policy, which I will explore in this assignment. The aim of an expansionary fiscal policy is to raise expenditure, whereby economic output and household income will also increase. This is done by altering the flow of government expenditure andRead MoreFiscal Policy as an Economic Stabilization Measure1604 Words   |  7 PagesFISCAL POLICY AS AN ECONOMIC STABILIZATION MEASURE Fiscal Policy refers to the various decisions undertaken by the government regarding public expenditures and revenue. There are a large number of sub-policies that are encompassed by the fiscal system. But all the policies can be broadly categorized as being either ‘Public Expenditure’ or ‘Public Revenue’. It can be said that the fiscal policy is a direct government intervention in the economic processes of an economy. The fiscal policyRead MoreMonetary Policy And Fiscal Policy1178 Words   |  5 Pagesdescribed as a mixed economy. A mixed economy is when the government is not in charge of the economy, but is still majorly involved in economic decisions. The government plays a critical role in providing economic conditions where the marketplace can function effectively. Any decisions made are in order to either maintain the market or stabilize the economy during a financial crisis. Monetary policy and fiscal policy are two tools by which government uses to guide the economy. Sometimes the economy isRead MoreThe Keynesian Fiscal Policy Solution Aggregate Demand1103 Words   |  5 PagesThe Keynesian Fiscal Policy Solution Aggregate Demand Problems The 1920’s witnessed a rise of a new economic policy which had not yet been seen prior to the great depression. Before the great depression, the widely accepted economic policy which was implemented and practiced around the world was called Natural Economics. Natural Economics was a fiscal policy that embodied the idea that the economy would eventually take care of itself and run freely without the government’s influence. However, theRead MoreExpansionary Policy1254 Words   |  6 PagesExpansionary Fiscal and Monetary Policies Macroeconomics: ECO 203 Professor Charles Aki September 1, 2013 The US economy has seen some detrimental changes over the past decade. These changes resulted in unsubstantial unemployment rates, fluctuating interest rates, unstable GDP, and an increase in taxes. The federal government has an obligation to citizens to respond to the changes in the economy that affect each household. Expansionary Fiscal and Monetary Policies are economic policies used by the

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

Adolf Hitler The Holocaust Essay - 650 Words

World War II was an era of extremes for many people. It was even more so in countries taken over by Germany. The peoplle that suffered were people of Jewish decent. The Jewish ethnic group was one of the undesirable groups established by the Nuremburg Race Laws. These laws stripped undesirables of their human rights and made their life unbearable. The mastermind and executer of these laws was none other than Adolf Hitler. Hitler was a very ambitious man. The root of his ambition can probably be traced back to when he heard of Germanys surrender in World War I while he was recovering in a hospital. Frustrated, he launched an attack on the president. He was caught and imprisoned. In prison, he wrote a book called Mein Kampf. The title†¦show more content†¦Their transportation arrangements were typically crowded and filthy. While the Holocaust was unfolding, the world was plunged into World War II. World War II was a war that involved the Axis and the Allied powers. The countries in the Axis powers were bound by the Tripartite Pact. The three countries bound together by this pact were obliged to certain responsibilities in their region. The three countries in this pact were Germany, Japan, and Italy. According to www.worldwar2history.info, some members of the allied powers were the U.S.A (later), Great Britain, France, the Soviet Union, and Canada. According to worldwar2.org.uk, World War II lasted for six long years and a recent estimate says about 72 million people were directly killed by the conflict. Also, countless others were deeply affected by the economic shockwaves that followed. Anne Frank was a Jewish girl living in Amsterdam during World War II. When the government of Holland was overthrown by Germany, Jews had to register for concentration camps. Instead of doing that, a former German officer named Otto Frank took his family into hiding in a strategic warehouse with another family. This family was the Van Pels. A single man named Fritz Pfeffer joined them in hiding later. Anne Frank, the daughter of Otto Frank, wrote a diary giving details about life in the Secret Annex as she called it. Not only does she write as a refugee, she writes as a young woman.Show MoreRelatedAdolf Hitler and the Holocaust1249 Words   |  5 PagesAdolf Hitler was the driving force behind the Holocaust. Many people think he was insane to torture the human race that way. Others praise him for attempting to exterminate the Jewish people. Some wonder what was going on inside his head when he had the first thought and/or plan of the Holocaust. A majority of the world just want to know what drove him or what made him hate the Jewish race so much. Studying Adolf Hitler’s beliefs can give the world history because he gave the world an insightRead MoreAdolf Hitler And The Holocaust1078 Words   |  5 Pages Adolf Hitler played a major role in WWII. Hitler was anti-Semitic. Anti-Semitic is to be against Jews. Hitler’s perspective of perfection was a blue-eyed, blonde-haired white person; most Jews did not fit this description. This view is what caused the Holocaust. The Holocaust was a period of time in which many Jews were killed in camps. He also believed that he could bring Germany to greatness once again. Because of Adolf Hitler’s actions and beliefs, he was an important figure inRead MoreAdolf Hitler And The Holocaust Essay905 Words   |  4 PagesAuschwitz On January 30, 1933 Adolf Hitler was appointed the German chancellor. This was the beginning of the most tragic and horrifying mass murder the world has ever known. Adolf Hitler was a man who despised Jews and blamed them for everything that had gone wrong in Germany. He wanted to annihilate every living Jew in Germany through a plan that he called â€Å"The Final Solution.† To fulfill his master plan, he appointed German SS officers to round up mass amounts of Jews and ship them off to deathRead MoreAdolf Hitler And The Holocaust Essay1105 Words   |  5 PagesAdolf Hitler and the Holocaust. The Holocaust is the word used to describe the mass murder of approximately six million European Jews during Adolf Hitler’s rule in Germany. Among the Jews were also other groups described as â€Å"Sub-Humans† such as Gypsies, homosexuals, intellectually challenged, political prisoners and most Eastern Europeans. German lacked confidence in their weak system, the Weimer Republic. Adolf Hitler, the chairman of the Nazi Party by 1921, was a World War I veteran who still believedRead MoreAdolf Hitler And The Holocaust1667 Words   |  7 Pagesthe more sharply they became distinguished in my eyes from the rest of humanity,† Hitler wrote in Mein Kampf, describing his feelings when he first arrived in Vienna in 1925 and began to develop anti-Semitic ideas. The Holocaust was when the Nazi’s eliminated the Jewish people under Hitler’s rule. This was one of the most gruesome events in world history. There were three main reasons why Hitler started the Holoca ust and exterminated the Jews: he had a need for power; he was convinced the loss ofRead MoreAdolf Hitler And The Holocaust2262 Words   |  10 PagesWhen Adolf Hitler rose to power in 1933, he had a belief that race was the sole matter that defined the culture of a civilization. He influenced the country of Germany to change the ideological values that they previously abided by. This change marked the beginning of a new era, which led to the most pure ideological genocide that can be remembered to this day since there was no pragmatic motivation throughout the time period the Holocaust took place. It is a dark mark in the history of westernRead MoreAdolf Hitler And The Holocaust2948 Words   |  12 PagesAdolf Hitler, chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and fà ¼hrer of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945, was the mastermind behind both World War II within Europe and the Holocaust. In the â€Å"Final Solution,† concentration and extermination camps were implemented in an a ttempt to rid of the Jewish population entirely. Such a task, genocide, would not be done easily. By the end of World War II, over six million Jews had been killed. However, not merely Jews were subject to mass murder, but nearly five millionRead MoreAdolf Hitler and The Holocaust Essay729 Words   |  3 Pageshandicaps. This geonocide, led by Adolf Hitler, who was the chancellor and future dictator of Germany, resulted in the death of six million Jews and thousands of other innocents. The Holocaust is arguably the worst thing that has happened in our history. In our modern world we still have racist and religious problems accross the world particularly in the Middle East and Africa. By studying the Holocaust we can learn many things and gain a perspective on our lives. Adolf Hitler, leader of the Nazi politicalRead MoreAdolf Hitler and The Holocaust Essay1519 Words   |  7 Pages On January 30th, 1933, Adolf Hitler became a dictator of Germany, which marked the start of the twelve year massacre, the Holocaust. The Holocaust lasted until May 8th, 1945, when Europe won World War II. During the event of the Holocaust, six million Jewish followers were murdered; nearly two-thirds of the European Jewish population and one-third of all the Jewish population in the world. The Nazi Party not only targeted the Jews, but communists, Marxists, and anyone who stood up to, or posedRead MoreAdolf Hitler and the Holocaust Essay1114 Words   |  5 Pages Germany’s fate was changed on April 20, 1889, the day I, Adolf Hitler was born to German official, Alois and my dear, Klara Hitler. Little did they know of what a miracle that had blessed them that day. My destiny was decided for me every time my father lectured me about the abhor Jews, taking up our German property, and beat me for the childish mistakes I made. I realized my destiny was to punish the faults in our once perfect nation. My father’s strict upper hand was not the only contribution

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Summary of Autobiography of a Yogi Free Essays

India, an ancient civilization is well known to be the cradle of a rich and perpetual heritage. The pristine land has always throbbed with the vibrancy of the originality, creativity and self motivated activities of its illumined souls. Their deep, original and sublime thoughts have presented to the world, distinctive gifts of knowledge, be it be in language, values, religion, philosophy, art, business, mathematics, astrology, medicine, surgery much more and beyond; a unique universal heritage, and an eternal formulae to a calm way of life. We will write a custom essay sample on Summary of Autobiography of a Yogi or any similar topic only for you Order Now The masters have successfully sought to give answers to all the queries that are bound to pop up in the mind of every human being at some point of time in their life on earth. They have unraveled the ultimate mysteries that surround life, death and afterlife. The peerless Vedas, the Vedanta i. e. the Upanishads and the Puranas are a treasure trove of great learning and unveiled deep secrets. They have provided Godly guidance to human life at every moment in time and space ever since they were first recorded, centuries ago. These texts contain the essential summaries that form the doctrinal basis of Hindu religion. In the league of such a legacy, modern India continues to produce spiritual masters as was done so in every era. Their role on earth is to guide the not so enlightened souls who often loose their way in the mayhems of the day to day worldly activities. The spiritual vitality offered by their worshipful presence and golden words; the ever true messages expounded by illumined ‘Bhaagwat Gita’, has eternally held the power to rejuvenate India century after century. One such celebrated and illumined soul is Paramahansa Yoganandji. His life-story is referred to as a modern spiritual classic. It is an inspiring chronicle of the life of a true yogi, a glimpse into the training years in the hermitage of his God realized guru, and his startling description of ‘cosmic consciousness’ reached on the upper levels of yogic practice. His teachings are interpreted and are now creatively applied to endeavors such as education, psychology, management, and business. Our conscious and subconscious being is crowned by superconsciousness,† Rabbi Israel H. Lavinthal pointed out in a lecture in New York. â€Å"Many years ago the English psychologist F. W. H Myers, suggested that ‘hidden in the deep of our beings is a rubbish heap as well as the treasure house. ‘ In contrast to the psychology that centers all its researches on the subconscious in the man’s nature, the new psychology of the superconscious focuses its attention u pon the treasure house – the region that alone can explain the great, unselfish, heroic deeds of men. It has been experienced that knowledge, skill or even any relationship that is not supported by the undercurrents of spirituality has found to ultimately go defunct, obsolete and sometimes lost. The active expression of intelligence by great men finds its basis on the foundations of genuine virtues. Softskill training programs entrusted to maintain the morale and vigor of employees in the complexities of work environment find much success when they are enriched with sublime religious and philosophical concepts. One can not expect lasting transformation in a person until and unless the concept has touched the chord of his soul and awakened his spirit. Work and workplace become blissful, and interrelationships become softened with accommodative patience, forbearance and wisdom when people acknowledge their inherent animal instincts of vanity, greed and jealousy as the ‘suicide bombs’ that are the mother of stress and an eventual self destruction. The life story is also exemplary because of the comparative notes it has drawn from the divine Hindu texts and the holy Bible. The master has expounded the deathless essence of Christian Bible with beautiful clarity and the truth in Christ’s assertion â€Å"Heaven and Earth shall pass away, but my words shall not pass away†-Matthew 24:35 (Bible) His Pearls of Wisdom and its easy application in ordinary human life †¢ Impartiality: The execution of the trait of impartiality i. e. the ability to perceive all men in striking similarity is rooted into wisdom. A self realized person does not subject to the likes and dislikes that confuse the judgment of unenlightened men. â€Å"Conserve your powers. Be like the capacious ocean, absorbing quietly all the tributaries of the senses. Daily renewed sense yearning sap the inner peace; they are like openings in the reservoirs that permit vital waters to be wasted in the desert of materialism. The forceful and activating impulse of the wrong desire is the greatest enemy to the happiness of man. Roam in the world as the lion of self-control; don’ t let the frogs of weak senses kick around you! † †¢ Man has the natural privilege of roaming secretly in his thoughts. Manage your thoughts judiciously; destroy the wrong thoughts as soon as possible. A thought is a force, as electricity and gravitation. †¢ Thoughts should be weighed in a delicate balance of discrimination before permitting them outward garb of speech. †¢ Indulge in Auto-suggestion and self dialogue for self correction from time to time. Be your best friend. As Lord Buddha remarked ‘Atm deepam bhawam’ i. e. be your own light. †¢ Believe that and tell yourself what you need to accomplish and it shall be done. Your accomplishments often follow your subconscious expectations. The human mind is capable of accomplishing what ever it feels intensely. †¢ The world does not change for anyone. Leverage your accommodative capacity in accordance with the requirements of the world. †¢ Our behaviors are our introduction to the society. Good manners without sincerity are like beautiful dead lady. Straightforwardness without civility is like a surgeon’s knife, effective but unpleasant. Candor with courtesy is helpful and admirable. †¢ The lives of all men are dark with many shames. Human conduct is ever unreliable until man is anchored in the divine. The only sure shot to ‘rosy’ future is when we make spiritual efforts now. †¢ Keen intelligence is two edged. It can be used constructively and destructively, like a knife, either to cut the boil of ignorance or to decapitate oneself. Intelligence is rightly guided only after mind has acknowledged the inescapably of spiritual laws. The works of the yogi has helped the world understand that distinctions by race or nations are meaningless in the realm of truth, where the only qualification is the fitness to receive. Every saint who has penetrated to the core of Reality has testified that a divine universal plan exists and that it is beautiful and full of joy. The human entity composed of the tangible physical body and the invisible spirit secretly desires not only the nourishment of the body with healthy food but it also seeks nourishment of the spirit with soulful meditations and cosmic encounters. The purpose of each life is to meet God in his lifetime. The latter requires conscious effort on the part of the individual. Each of us is sent to earth to undertake a separate journey which is unique, and not a copy of another, even if it is a prophet or a saint, though to seek motivation from their lives is a much welcome step in the journey of stretching over cosmogonic abysses even while the body performs its daily duties. Article Source: http://EzineArticles. com/4946654 How to cite Summary of Autobiography of a Yogi, Papers

Saturday, May 2, 2020

Drama Therapy free essay sample

Before choosing the one I wanted to explore, I had to literally revisit my old theories of personality’s book and after hours and hours of thinking and analyzing I decided that I should walk this path with Erik Erikson and his Developmental Theory. According to Alloy et al. (1999), â€Å"To Erikson, the major drama of development is the formation of the ego identity, an integrated, unique, and autonomous sense of self† (p. 102). Unlike Freud, Erikson’s theory proposes that the personality is a process which extends from birth to death and it doesn’t take place just in a specific stage of life but on the contrary, is a formative process. According to Erikson, psychosocial development involves changes in our interactions and mutual understanding as well as in our knowledge and understanding of us as members of society. Erikson’s idea of personality is based in the social influence, not in the individual psyche as Freud proposes. As Alloy et al. (1999) states, â€Å" Erikson saw personality development as deeply affected not only by the family but also by teachers, friends, spouses, and many other social agents† (p. 103). To understand Erikson’s theory it is always helpful to make a contrast between his theory and Freud’s. For Freud, it wasn’t the ego but the challenges to the id that would determine the personality. However, for Erikson the role of the ego is central in the developmental progression and it takes place on different stages. As Johnson and Emunah (2009) state, â€Å"†¦with each stage of life there are specific themes that manifest and individual’s way of viewing and interacting in the world, requiring defined roles for that person and significant others to enact† (p. 52). Erikson proposes eight different stages with different needs in each one of them; in fact four of these stages take place during childhood. Also his theory explains that in each of these stages there is a crisis or conflict that needs to be resolve. ( Feldman, 2006, p. 359) It is important to mention that for Erikson the failure in one of these stages does not necessarily represe nts that the person is going to fail in the following stages. The stages that Erikson describes through the psychosocial development theory are: Trust vs. Mistrust, Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt, Initiative vs. Guilt, Industry vs. Inferiority, Identity vs. Role Confusion, Intimacy vs. Isolation, Generativity vs. Stagnation and Ego Integrity vs. Despair. According to Erikson and as cited in Johnson and Emunah (2009), â€Å"Dysfunction and pathology emerge when these theme-based stages have been unsuccessfully integrated due to role deviation or dysfunctional environment† (p. 252). This is why it is important to resolve the â€Å"conflicts† that each stage presents in order to be prepared for the demands of the next one. However, when one of these stages is not nurtured and accomplished, the mental health of that individual is jeopardize and it is very probable that this person is going to be held in that specific stage. (Johnson amp; Emunah, 2009) This is where drama therapy appears to help the individual overcome these crises. According to the National Association of Drama Therapist (NADT), drama therapy is â€Å"An active, experiential approach to facilitating change. Through storytelling, projective play, purposeful improvisation, and performance, participants are invited to rehearse desired behaviors†¦.. [as they] perform the change they wish to be and see in the world† This definition provides very specific utilities and goals of drama therapy while it mentions different tools to achieve them. For the purpose of this paper we are going work with â€Å"purposeful improvisation† as it is presented how the concept of self and the stages’ crises are intrinsically connected with what is done though improvisation. When thinking about improvisation words such as spontaneity, unconscious, discovery of self, play, creativity, emotions, accepting first thoughts, and narrative, immediately come to mind ( Johnstone, 1992). Though, words like healing or therapy aren’t commonly associated with this theatrical technique. However, according to Chaplin and Gray (2010), There are compelling parallels between the creative and spontaneous moments that occur in the therapeutic encounter and in a two-person dramatic improvisation found in theater training. Both involve the imaginative and creative collaboration of the participants and both involve the mutual responsiveness of storyteller and listener. (p. 254)   Using this quote as reference, it would be suitable to say that improvisation, in fact, is a tool that can be used for therapeutic purposes. Specifically addressing developmental crisis, as presented in Erikson’s theory, improvisational exercise can be really useful, because of the unconscious areas of the brain that this theatrical technique can access. It is important to remember that individuals that experience traumatic events in one of these developmental stages respond to life challenges through the lenses of the stage they got stuck in. For example, if a client had a really traumatic experience in the first stage, where the development of trust is crucial, it is expected that this person is going to have trouble with trusting. The interesting thing about this is that it is very possible that the client is not going to be aware of this since this is product of unconscious processes. (Johnson amp; Emunah. , 2009, p. 54) However, according to Johnson and Emunah (2009),â€Å"The threads of the themes and roles are gradually revealed to the client through etiologically based exploratory role playing† (p. 254). Role playing theory is huge by itself, and it is not going to be discussed on this paper, but it is important to mention that this technique is a big part of improvisation. In fact, through role playing the client is a ble to go back to that specific stage and be that â€Å"child† or that â€Å"adolescent†, while on the other hand â€Å" The role of the therapist is paramount in healing early stages of development† (Johnson amp; Emunah, 2009, p. 54). This is being anything the client need the therapist to be in order to recreate the intended scene. The dynamic that takes place in a therapy session and in a theater scenario is practically the same. In words of Chaplin and Gray (2010), For both scenarios, â€Å"†¦the sense of not knowing what is going to happen ceases to be a threat and becomes instead an opportunity for spontaneous creative involvement. The improvisational skills that are essential to effective acting are teachable and relevant indeed, invaluable to psychoanalytic practice†(p. 65). What these authors are saying is the core of this paper; on one hand theatrical improvisation trains actors to perform effectively in a scenario, and on the other therape utic improvisation trains people to perform well and with mental health in the scenario of life. This improvisation, works as a therapeutic tool as it opens channels of communication with the disruptive self of the client. The situation with developmental crisis is that the notion of self that is build through the years is conditioned by the trauma the client has experience. In his case the work of the drama therapist is to provide non-threatening spaces of play and creativity where the client can be free to explore and discover that, through dramatic enactments he or she is able to learn how to live in the moment and responding to life challenges with spontaneity and openness rather than fixed to the role in which they got stuck. The problems that can be access through this improvisation are extensive. As Johnson and Emunah (2009) state, â€Å"Because the approach is by definition developmental, all ages from infancy to aging and dying are appropriate† (p. 55). In fact this improvisation through the developmental approach can serve people diagnosed with PTSD, autism, anxiety disorders, learning disabilities, eating disorders and addictions among others. Drama therapists can work with this developmental approach based on Erikson’s theory, in different ways. For example, Ritual Drama, using transformational theater, helps the client moving on to the next developmental stage, but not without valuing and recognizing the experience of that transition. In other words, this technique will provide a safe place for a person with an anxiety disorder that is fixed and stuck in the second stage of autonomy, where issues of control and power are very present, and where letting go is major step. Another drama therapy technique that can be very useful is the Developmental Theme Based- Improvisational Drama where the therapist suggests different scenarios or situations to be improvised but in an imaginary place, where the client can work with adaptation and re-adaptation. This could be potentially useful with children with autism, since for these kids adaptation is really difficult. (Johnson amp; Emunah, 2009) Improvisation is like this unique world in which everything is possible and where the unconscious meets the conscious as they dialogue looking for answers. As Chaplin and Gray state, Improvisation consists of moment-to-moment, affective engagement [and free expression] in which patient and analyst [therapist] co- create ways of being with each other. For both, the sense of not knowing what is going to happen ceases to be a threat and becomes instead an opportunity for spontaneous creative involvement. The drama therapy space and the therapeutic relationship becomes a place to review, resurface and rearrange: new relationships are developed. As stated in this paper, Erikson’s psychosocial and developmental theory of personality provides a space to approach and explain the rigidity of roles and life’s crisis through the lenses of the unconscious and the traumas that in some point disrupted one of the stages. As explained through these pages, drama therapy and its techniques seem to be appropriate and useful to help clients overcoming developmental crisis. In words of Johnson and Emunah (2009), â€Å" A clients recovery into wholeness means that s/he can fully experience the uniqueness of each moment†¦ and that s/he has the potential to be in relationship to the archetypal Self to that which can continuously provide the stage for involvement in developmentally stimulated life themes† (p. 280) Amen!!! References: Alloy, L. , Jacobson, N. S. , amp; Acocella, J. R. 1999). Abnormal Psychology: Current Perspectives (8th ed. ) McGraw-Hill College. Chaplin, R. amp; Gray, A. (2010). Theater and Therapy: How Improvisation Informs the Analytic Hour. Psychoanalytic Inquiry,  30(3), 254-266. Feldman. R. S. (2006). Psicologia con aplicaciones en paises de habla hispana. (6ta ed. ) Mexico: McGraw-Hill. Johnson, D. R. , amp; Emunah, R. (Eds. ) (2009). Current approaches in drama therapy. ( 2nd Ed. ) Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas. Johnstone, K. (1992). IMPRO: Improvisation and the theatre. New York, NY : Routledge.